The iroquois

The first time it appears in writing is in the account of Samuel de Champlain of his journey to Tadoussac inwhere it occurs as "Irocois". By Ives Goddard could write: Day inwho elaborates upon an earlier etymology given by Charles Arnaud in For the first element irno, Day cites cognates from other attested Montagnais dialects:

The iroquois

This is a single part of what will be, by my classification, about compact tribal histories contact to It is limited to the lower 48 states of the U. This history's content and style are representative. The normal process at this point is to circulate an almost finished product among a peer group for comment and criticism.

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At the end of this History you will find links to those Nations referred to in the History of the Iroquois. Using the The iroquois, this can be more inclusive. Feel free to comment or suggest corrections via e-mail. Working together we can end some of the historical misinformation about Native Americans.

You will find the ego at this end to be of standard size. Thanks for stopping by. I look forward to your comments Through conquest and migration, they gained control of most of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada.

The iroquois

At its maximum intheir empire extended west from the north shore of Chesapeake Bay through Kentucky to the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers; then north following the Illinois River to the south end of Lake Michigan; east across all of lower Michigan, southern Ontario and adjacent parts of southwestern Quebec; and finally south through northern New England west of the Connecticut River through the Hudson and upper Delaware Valleys across Pennsylvania back to the Chesapeake.

With two exceptions - the Mingo occupation of the upper Ohio Valley and the Caughnawaga migration to the upper St. Lawrence - the Iroquois did not, for the most part, physically occupy this vast area but remained in their upstate New York villages.

During the hundred years preceding the American Revolution, wars with French-allied Algonquin and British colonial settlement forced them back within their original boundaries once again.

Their decision to side with the British during the Revolutionary War was a disaster for the Iroquois. The American invasion of their homeland in drove many of the Iroquois into southern Ontario where they have remained.

With large Iroquois communities already located along the upper St. Lawrence in Quebec at the time, roughly half of the Iroquois population has since lived in Canada. This includes most of the Mohawk along with representative groups from the other tribes.

The Iroquois Tribes []

Although most Iroquois reserves are in southern Ontario and Quebec, one small group Michel's band settled in Alberta during the s as part of the fur trade.

In the United States, much of the Iroquois homeland was surrendered to New York land speculators in a series of treaties following the Revolutionary War.

Despite this, most Seneca, Tuscarora, and Onondaga avoided removal during the s and have remained in New York. There are also sizeable groups of Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, and Caughnawaga still in the state.

Most of the Oneida, however, relocated in to a reservation near Green Bay, Wisconsin. In this combined group ceded their Ohio reserve to the United States and relocated to the Indian Territory.

Population Considering their impact on history, it is amazing how few Iroquois there were in - probably less than 20, for all five tribes. Their inland location protected them somewhat from the initial European epidemics, but these had reached them by and, combined with warfare, cut their population to about half of its original number.

However, unlike other native populations which continued to drop, the Iroquois, through the massive adoption of conquored Iroquian-speaking enemies at least 7, Huron, and similar numbers of NeutralsSusquehannockTionontatiand Erieactually increased and reached their maximum number inabout 25, Absorption of this many outsiders was not without major problems - not the least of which was the Iroquois became a minority within their own confederacy.

For the moment, the Iroquois talent for diplomacy and political unity kept things under control, but forces which would destroy them had been set in motion.

On the positive side, the adoptions gave the Iroquois a claim to the lands of their former enemies beyond mere "right of conquest. Despite the incorporation of 1, Tuscarora in as a sixth member of the League, the Iroquois numbered only 12, in By the end of the Revolutionary War, they were less than 8, From that point there has been a slow recovery followed by a recent surge as renewed native pride has prompted many to reclaim their heritage.

The census listed only 17, Iroquois in both New York and Canada, but current figures approach 70, at about 20 settlements and 8 reservations in New York, Wisconsin, Oklahoma, Ontario, and Quebec.

Approximately 30, of these live in the United States. There are also Cayuga among the 2, member Seneca-Cayuga tribe in northeastern Oklahoma - descendents of the Mingo of Ohio. The Oneida were once one of the smaller Iroquois tribes but currently number more than 16, The largest group almost 11, lives on or near their 2, acre reservation west of Green Bay, Wisconsin.

Another still live near Oneida, New York, but since their 32 acre reserve is so small, many are forced to live with the nearby Onondaga. Another are at the Grand River Reserve in Ontario which has members from all six Iroquois tribes.For meeting dates, times and locations check the Calendar Section under County Offices.

Agendas will be posted as they become available; subject to change without notice. Iroquois Elementary School has been named a Title I Distinguished School. 10/10/ Read More about Iroquois Elementary School has been named a Title I Distinguished School. Iroquois: Iroquois, any member of the North American Indian tribes speaking a language of the Iroquoian family.

They occupied a continuous territory around the Lakes Ontario, Huron, and Erie in present-day New York state and Pennsylvania (U.S.) and southern Ontario and Quebec (Canada). The Iroquois Mission.

To serve as a resource and leader to support our members and the communities they serve through advocacy, education, information, cost-saving initiatives and business solutions. The Iroquois comprised five native tribes that inhabited what is now Ontario and upstate New York.

All spoke a variant of the iroquois language. The Iroqois possessed a suprisingly complex social and political structure. The Iroquois League was established prior to European contact, with the banding together of five of the many Iroquoian peoples who had emerged south of the Great Lakes.

Reliable sources link the origins of the Iroquois confederacy to and an agricultural shift when corn was adopted as a staple crop.

Many archaeologists and anthropologists believe that the League was formed about

Iroquois - Wikipedia