If no author is given, use the title of the article: The main idea or argument needs to be included in this first sentence.
Good summaries are harder to write than you may think -- bad summaries are easy! Summary skills in college The ability to write an effective summary might be the most important writing skill a college student can possess. You need to be able to summarize before you can be successful at most of the other kinds of writing that will be demanded of you in college, and it is an important part of note taking, too.
The links below will help you master the various kinds of summary writing that you may be called upon to complete in college. Similarly, when you summarize a reading you need to be able to find the important data and then present it as clearly and concisely as possible.
Summary skills after college Politicians and corporations employ people to read every newspaper and newsmagazine and summarize relevant stories and articles.
The more concise the summary the better, yet if any major details are omitted the purpose of the summary is lost--its readers will be uninformed on key aspects of the news and may make embarrassing errors as a result.
The summaries that you write in college are as important to your academic career as these summaries are to these politicians and business people, and accuracy and concision are just as important, too.
There are reading strategies that will help you comprehend a source text as fully as possible. Read a section of the book or article, or the whole thing if it is short, and then close the text and write a summary of the key points.
Summary-Outline Notes Summary-outline notes are a form of note-taking using a divided page. Take a notebook page and divide it down the middle. Write the main points in the left hand column leaving a few lines between each.
In the right hand column, summarize the point in the left column in a few sentences. This will help you get an overall picture of the argument through the outline, and a more detailed reminder of the content via the summaries. Summaries as part of essays Most summary occurs as part of other essays--indeed, few essays use only one kind of writing.
Summary is often a part of synthesis because readers need to know a little about the ideas you are pulling together. Similarly, you have to summarize ideas or texts before you can compare them, classify them, or divide them into their component parts.
You will find that almost any texts you read in college and outside contain at least a little summary. The Summary essay In college you may also be asked to write another type of summary, the summary essay, which is written for an audience other than yourself.
The purpose of the summary essay is to convey to others an understanding of a text you have read, without their having to read it themselves. Thus for your readers, your summary essay functions as a substitute for the source that you are summarizing. You should not add your own examples and explanations, for instance.
An alternative purpose of the summary essay, one that is very commonplace in college, is a demonstration of comprehension: In this case, your essay does not substitute for the source, for the teacher has read the source, too.
Yet your essay will be written in the same way, with fidelity to the source.
Writing the Summary Essay A summary essay should be organized so that others can understand the source or evaluate your comprehension of it.
The following format works well: The introduction usually one paragraph -- 1. Contains a one-sentence thesis statement that sums up the main point of the source. Usually, though, you have to write this statement rather than quote it from the source text. It is a one-sentence summary of the entire text that your essay summarizes.
Also introduces the text to be summarized: The introduction should not offer your own opinions or evaluation of the text you are summarizing.
The body of a summary essay one or more paragraphs: This paraphrases and condenses the original piece.
In your summary, be sure that you-- 1. Include important data but omit minor points; 2. Do not include your own ideas, illustrations, metaphors, or interpretations. But the fact that you are using your own words does not mean that you are including your own ideas.Note-taking is the process of organizing and writing pieces of information that can be used later.
Summarizing and taking notes are important activities throughout the inquiry process. Summarizing and taking notes are important activities throughout the inquiry process. Summary writing: Steps from note-taking to summary writing: Rebecca's story on the web-site for teachers and learners of English as a secondary language from a German point of view Table of Contents Steps from note-taking to.
Summary Note-Taking Outline Text Information Summary Writing Frame In the (text type: news article, science text, other) titled to write a summary. The author/The writer or (name of author) explores discusses focuses on (topic) points out states tells readers reports describes. Note Taking and Learning: A Summary of Research Françoise Boch, Stendhal University, and Annie Piolat, University of Provence Introduction The activity of note taking can be considered part of .
NOTE MAKING Must write the title. It should state what the majority of the passage talks about. Minimum 4 abbreviations to be used in note making and make key to abbreviations after writing the notes and not after the summary.
(maximum abbreviations:7) Helping verbs,articles,pronouns and determiners could be omitted Write minimum 3. Summarising and note-taking Exercises. Reading and Writing Text Reconstruction Note-Taking; Select and summarise. 1. Encounter groups.