Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Plato was born in Athens, Greece to one of the oldest and most distinguished families in the city.
He lived with his mother, Perictione, and his father, Ariston Until Ariston died. But his life changed when he came across Socrates. Socrates, a Greek philosopher who lived from BC. He devoted all his time with young citizens discussing philosophy and questioning their confidence in the truth of popular opinions.
As a young man, Plato grew up wanting to be a politician. To all accounts it appears that he left Athens for Megara, then went to visit Theodorus in Cyrene, moved on to study with the Pythagoreans in Italy, and finally to Egypt.
During this period he studied the philosophy of his contemporaries, geometry, geology, astronomy and religion. After BC Plato began to write extensively.
They were probably written during the years of his travels between and BC. Plato returned to Athens in BC and on land that had once belonged to Academos, he founded a school of learning which he called the Academy. Its curriculum offered subjects including astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory, and philosophy.
Plato hoped the Academy would provide a place where thinkers could work toward better government in the Grecian cities.
The major difference between these texts and his earlier works is that he tends toward grander metaphysical themes and begins to establish his own voice in philosophy. Socrates still has a presence, however, sometimes as a fictional character.
In the Meno for example, Plato writes of the Socratic idea that no one knowingly does wrong, and adds the new doctrine of recollection questioning whether virtue can be taught. In the Phaedo, the Platonic doctrine of the Forms, in which Plato makes claims as to the immortality of the human soul.
It is a discussion of the virtues of justice, courage, wisdom, and moderation, of the individual and in society. Plato believed that political philosophy was based on the human soul. He thought that the soul is divided into three parts: His reasons for believing his theory to be true are because these parts occasionally conflict with each other.
And like the soul, Plato felt that society has three parts or classes: The philosopher king represents intellect, the guardian represents the will, and the ordinary citizen represents the appetite.
Socrates has been delegated a minor role in these texts. Plato used these dialogues to take a closer look at his earlier metaphysical speculations.
He discussed art, including dance, music, poetry, architecture and drama, and ethics in regards to immortality, the mind, and Realism. He worked with the philosophy of mathematics, politics and religion, covering such specifics as censorship, atheism, and pantheism.Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and a student of Socrates.
There is much literature about him and also many Plato essays about him. A Plato essay is not very hard to come by, and there are a lot of people who write Plato essays.
Plato's own most decisive philosophical influences are usually thought to have been Socrates, Parmenides, Heraclitus and Pythagoras, although few of his predecessors' works remain extant and much of what we know .
After making the all too common mistake of trying to read Plato in the Jowett translation, I came to Focus' edition of Timaeus. Pleased by what I found, I decided to try their Republic in the hopes that the spirit, if not the editor/translator, would be the same.
Aristotle: Biography & Works When Plato died in bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias.
Plato could have written into his works clear signals to the reader that the arguments of Socrates do not work, and that his interlocutors are foolish to accept them.
But there are many signs in such works as Meno, Phaedo, Republic, and Phaedrus that point in the opposite direction. Aristotle (– B.C.E.) numbers among the greatest philosophers of all time.
Judged solely in terms of his philosophical influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle’s works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest.