The court can order that: Your child live with you under court supervision. Your child be put on probation.
Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, is often separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Delinquent activity, particularly the involvement in youth gangs, may also be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats.
Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors. This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low attachment to school, and low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves. These factors may lead to the child having low IQ and may increase the rate of illiteracy.
Children who are often in conflict with their parents may be less willing to discuss their activities with them. Juvenile delinquents can they still be children are rejected by peers for many reasons, it is often the case that they are rejected due to violent or aggressive behavior.
This rejections affects the child's ability to be socialized properly, which can reduce their aggressive tendencies, and often leads them to gravitate towards anti-social peer groups.
This often leads to an impulsive and aggressive reaction. Children resulting from unintended pregnancies are more likely to exhibit delinquent behavior. For classicists, offenders are motivated by rational self-interestand the importance of free will and personal responsibility is emphasized.
Delinquency is one of the major factors motivated by rational choice. Social disorganization[ edit ] Current positivist approaches generally focus on the culture.
A type of criminological theory attributing variation in crime and delinquency over time and among territories to the absence or breakdown of communal institutions e. Strain[ edit ] Strain theory is associated mainly with the work of Robert Merton. He felt that there are institutionalized paths to success in society.
Strain theory holds that crime is caused by the difficulty those in poverty have in achieving socially valued goals by legitimate means. Merton believed that drug users are in this category.
A difficulty with strain theory is that it does not explore why children of low-income families would have poor educational attainment in the first place.
More importantly is the fact that much youth crime does not have an economic motivation. Strain theory fails to explain violent crimethe type of youth crime that causes most anxiety to the public. Differential association[ edit ] The theory of Differential association also deals with young people in a group context, and looks at how peer pressure and the existence of gangs could lead them into crime.
It suggests young people are motivated to commit crimes by delinquent peers, and learn criminal skills from them. The diminished influence of peers after men marry has also been cited as a factor in desisting from offending. There is strong evidence that young people with criminal friends are more likely to commit crimes themselves.
However it may be the case that offenders prefer to associate with one another, rather than delinquent peers causing someone to start offending. Furthermore there is the question of how the delinquent peer group became delinquent initially.
Labeling[ edit ] Labeling theory is a concept within Criminology that aims to explain deviant behavior from the social context rather than looking at the individual themselves. It is part of Interactionism criminology that states that once young people have been labeled as criminal they are more likely to offend.
The four types of control can help prevent juvenile delinquency are: Control through needs satisfaction, i. Around six to sixteen percent of male teens and two to nine percent of female teens have a conduct disorder.
These can vary from oppositional-defiant disorderwhich is not necessarily aggressive, to antisocial personality disorderoften diagnosed among psychopaths.
Once the juvenile continues to exhibit the same behavioral patterns and turns eighteen he is then at risk of being diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder and much more prone to become a serious criminal offender. These two personality disorders are analogous in their erratic and aggressive behavior.
This is why habitual juvenile offenders diagnosed with conduct disorder are likely to exhibit signs of antisocial personality disorder early in life and then as they mature.
Some times these juveniles reach maturation and they develop into career criminals, or life-course-persistent offenders.
Therefore, while there is a high rate of juvenile delinquency, it is the small percentage of life-course persistent, career criminals that are responsible for most of the violent crimes.
Prevention[ edit ] poster promoting planned housing as a method to deter juvenile delinquency, showing silhouettes of a child stealing a piece of fruit and the older child involved in armed robbery. Delinquency prevention is the broad term for all efforts aimed at preventing youth from becoming involved in criminal, or other antisocial, activity.Juvenile delinquents are sometimes “treated” in a centre in an effort to address issues relating to their behavior.
In this instance they may live in the centre (rehabilitation facility) or come into a drop-in centre and still live at home. Juvenile Delinquents Can They Still be Our Future? (3 Pages | Words) Children that commit crimes should have an opportunity to be rehabilitated while they are still young instead of becoming institutionalized at a vulnerable age.
There is still a chance that these young criminals can still be a useful part of the community. They can be reeducated in the way that society operates, in.
Juvenile delinquents are minors, usually defined as being between the ages of 10 and 18, who have committed some act that violates the law. These acts aren’t called “crimes” as they would be for adults. If a petition is filed in court, your child’s case will be filed in the juvenile delinquency court.
Trying minors in adult court Keep in mind that, in some cases, minors can be tried as adults. If you are committed as a delinquent child, a judge can commit you for up to four years if the charge is a serious juvenile offense, SJO, or 18 months for non-SJO offenses.
Some kids who are committed delinquent are sent to residential school or treatment facilities. Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as minors (juveniles, i.e. individuals younger than the statutory age of majority).
Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers and courts.