Dynamic Equivalence in Translation —Acts Today the scriptures are translated from those languages into hundreds of other tongues. This lesson is about one of the principles of translation known as "dynamic equivalence". Don't let this technical term put you off.
Meanings of the strict formula[ edit ] This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February The mass—energy equivalence formula was displayed on Taipei during the event of the World Year of Physics Mass—energy equivalence states that any object has a certain energy, even when it is stationary.
In Newtonian mechanicsa motionless body has no kinetic energyand it may or may not have other amounts of internal stored energy, like chemical energy or thermal energyin addition to any potential energy it may have from its position in a field of force. In Newtonian mechanics, all of these energies are much smaller than the mass of the object times the speed of light squared.
Each bit of potential and kinetic energy makes a proportional contribution to the mass. As noted above, even if a box of ideal mirrors "contains" light, then the individually massless photons still contribute to the total mass of the box, by the amount of their energy divided by c2.
In a nuclear reaction, the mass of the atoms that come out is less than the mass of the atoms that go in, and the difference in mass shows up as heat and light with the same relativistic mass as the difference and also the same invariant mass in the center of mass frame of the system.
In this case, the E in the formula is the energy released and removed, and the mass m is how much the mass decreases. In the same way, when any sort of energy is added to an isolated system, the increase in the mass is equal to the added energy divided by c2.
An object moves with different speed in different frames, depending on the motion of the observer, so the kinetic energy in both Newtonian mechanics and relativity is frame dependent.
This means that the amount of relativistic energy, and therefore the amount of relativistic mass, that an object is measured to have depends on the observer.
The rest mass is defined as the mass that an object has when it is not moving or when an inertial frame is chosen such that it is not moving. The term also applies to the invariant mass of systems when the system as a whole is not "moving" has no net momentum.
The rest and invariant masses are the smallest possible value of the mass of the object or system. They also are conserved quantities, so long as the system is isolated.
the equivalence of the two propositions. moviegoers who mistakenly believe that there is an equivalence between the personality of an actor and that of his character. equation - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. The translators of the New Living Translation set out to render the message of the original texts of Scripture into clear, contemporary English.
Because of the way they are calculated, the effects of moving observers are subtracted, so these quantities do not change with the motion of the observer.
The rest mass is almost never additive: The rest mass of an object is the total energy of all the parts, including kinetic energy, as measured by an observer that sees the center of the mass of the object to be standing still. The rest mass adds up only if the parts are standing still and do not attract or repel, so that they do not have any extra kinetic or potential energy.
The other possibility is that they have a positive kinetic energy and a negative potential energy that exactly cancels. Binding energy and the "mass defect"[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification.
July Learn how and when to remove this template message Whenever any type of energy is removed from a system, the mass associated with the energy is also removed, and the system therefore loses mass.
However, use of this formula in such circumstances has led to the false idea that mass has been "converted" to energy.Fun is back, find the equilibrium with machine translation. Will it converge? In physics, mass–energy equivalence states that anything having mass has an equivalent amount of energy and vice versa, with these fundamental quantities directly relating to one another by Albert Einstein's famous formula: = This formula states that the equivalent energy (E) can be calculated as the mass (m) multiplied by the speed of light (c = .
The translators of the New Living Translation set out to render the message of the original texts of Scripture into clear, contemporary English.
Nov 19, · Translation equivalence is an important concept of translation theory. It is one of the main principles of Western theory of translation.
Finding translation equivalents is one of the core problems of the translation process/5(7). Translational equivalence is the similarity between a word (or expression) in one language and its translation in another. This similarity results from overlapping ranges of reference.
A translation equivalent is a corresponding word or expression in another language. From One Language to Another: Functional Equivalence in Bible Translation [Jan De Waard, Eugene A. Nida] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.