Dwivedi, and Joseph G. Jabbra list 8 types of accountability, namely: Political[ edit ] Political accountability is the accountability of the governmentcivil servants and politicians to the public and to legislative bodies such as a congress or a parliament.
These three styles of leadership comprise the classical styles of leadership seen in traditional groups and organizations. The sociology of authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership is explored in four parts: Understanding the role that authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership styles play in groups is vital background for all those interested in the sociology of social interaction in groups and organizations.
Different leadership styles or behaviors have different effects on the dynamics of groups and organizations. There are three classical leadership styles or behaviors: Authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership. These three leadership styles vary in multiple ways including the functions of leadership, the roles of followers, the settings most appropriate for each leadership style, and the leadership styles' relationship to authority and control.
For instance, authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership vary in the degree of control that they give their followers. Authoritarian leaders give their followers little to no control of their environment. Democratic leaders give their followers partial control over their tasks and decision-making process.
Laissez-faire leaders give their followers almost total control over their environments.
Kurt Lewin — was the pioneering social psychologist credited with defining and differentiating between the three classical leadership styles or behaviors. Lewin, considered by many to be the founder of social psychology, made significant contributions to leadership studies, organizational theory, and management theory.
Based on extensive leadership and group dynamics experiments, Lewin developed the concept of leadership climates. Lewin characterized leadership climates as authoritarian, democratic, or laissez-faire Lewin et al, Critics of Lewin argue that he never developed his classical leadership model beyond a rough conceptual sketch.
This article introduces authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership styles. The sociology of authoritarian, democratic and laissez-faire leadership is explored in four parts: An overview of the basic principles of the authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership styles; A discussion of the sociology of group and organizational leadership; A review of the ways in which social scientists apply authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire theories of leadership to research setting and questions; and An exploration of the issues associated with choosing a particular leadership style.
Authoritarian, Democratic, Kurt Lewin's three leadership styles or behaviors, described below, influence the leader-follower relationship, group success, group risk-taking, group problem-solving strategies, group morale, and group relations. Authoritarian Leadership Authoritarian leaders, also referred to as autocratic leaders, are characterized as domineering.
Authoritarian leaders make policies and decide appropriate division of labor from afar.
They tend to be distant and aloof from their group. Authoritarian leadership is gained through punishment, threat, demands, orders, rules, and regulations. The functions of authoritarian leadership include unilateral rule-making, task-assignment, and problem solving while the roles of authoritarian followers include adhering to the leader's instructions without question or comment.Accountable Care Organization Question initiativeblog.com is an accountable care organization and the reason why the there is so much discussion about the emerging entities.
Accountable care organization is a society that incorporates nurses, insures, hospitals and physicians among others major partners.
The Impact of Accountable Care I Origins and Future of Accountable Care Organizations 3 Together, the providers manage the provision of the entirety of care provided to a population of patients and are thus able to promote better overall health outcomes.
Formation of An Accountable Care Organization: HealthCare Partners Health care expenditure in the United States is approaching 20 percent of the gross domestic product.
National health care spending is projected to increase about % from to United States, Medical Economics, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Legal Liability The rules of engagement: physician engagement strategies in intergroup contexts Information about the authors can be found at the end of the article Abstract Purpose – Recognition of the importance and difficulty of engaging physicians in organisational change has sparked an explosion of literature.
"Value-based insurance design" aims to increase health care quality and decrease costs by using financial incentives to promote cost efficient health care services and consumer choices. Health benefit plans can be designed to reduce barriers to maintaining and improving health.
By covering. (“Patient Safety Indicators and Accountable Care Organizations Research Paper - 1”, n.d.) United States Health Care Reform and Accountable Care Organizations It goes on to discuss the implementation of the recent Affordable Care Act and the changes it will bring along with it, more specifically the benefits.