A research on the phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder

Bipolar Disorder Research Paper Bipolar Disorder Research Paper The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder.

A research on the phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder

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The Phenomenon of Bipolar Affective Disorder Many people are interested in the phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder because it was a true mystery since the 17th century. Even famous people suffered from this condition, including Van Gogh. The Spectrum Centre for Mental Health Research What is Bipolar Disorder? Lots of people have ups and downs and are familiar with the experience of mood swings. Bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression or bipolar affective disorder) is characterised by periods. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders is a peer-reviewed, open access online journal published by SpringerOpen. It publishes contributions from across the globe on the complete range of clinical, psychological and biological research in bipolar disorders. It is the official journal of the International Group for the study of Lithium Treated Patients (IGSLi) and the Deutsche.

The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure.

Because bipolar disorder has such debilitating symptoms, it is imperative that we remain vigilant in the quest for explanations of its causes and treatment. Affective disorders are characterized by a smorgasbord of symptoms that can be broken into manic and depressive episodes.

The depressive episodes are characterized by intense feelings of sadness and despair that can become feelings of hopelessness and helplessness. Some of the symptoms of a depressive episode include anhedonia, disturbances in sleep and appetite, psycomoter retardation, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, difficulty thinking, indecision, and recurrent thoughts of death and suicide Hollandsworth, Jr.

The manic episodes are characterized by elevated or irritable mood, increased energy, decreased need for sleep, poor judgment and insight, and often reckless or irresponsible behavior Hollandsworth, Jr.

Bipolar affective disorder affects approximately one percent of the population approximately three million people in the United States. It is presented by both males and females. Bipolar disorder involves episodes of mania and depression. These episodes may alternate with profound depressions characterized by a pervasive sadness, almost inability to move, hopelessness, and disturbances in appetite, sleep, in concentrations and driving.

Bipolar disorder is diagnosed if an episode of mania occurs whether depression has been diagnosed or not Goodwin, Guze,p Most commonly, individuals with manic episodes experience a period of depression. Symptoms include elated, expansive, or irritable mood, hyperactivity, pressure of speech, flight of ideas, inflated self esteem, decreased need for sleep, distractibility, and excessive involvement in reckless activities Hollandsworth, Jr.

Rarest symptoms were periods of loss of all interest and retardation or agitation Weisman, As the National Depressive and Manic Depressive Association MDMDA has demonstrated, bipolar disorder can create substantial developmental delays, marital and family disruptions, occupational setbacks, and financial disasters.

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This devastating disease causes disruptions of families, loss of jobs and millions of dollars in cost to society. Many times bipolar patients report that the depressions are longer and increase in frequency as the individual ages.

Many times bipolar states and psychotic states are misdiagnosed as schizophrenia. Speech patterns help distinguish between the two disorders Lish, The onset of Bipolar disorder usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 30 years of age, with a second peak in the mid-forties for women.

A typical bipolar patient may experience eight to ten episodes in their lifetime. However, those who have rapid cycling may experience more episodes of mania and depression that succeed each other without a period of remission DSM III-R.

The three stages of mania begin with hypomania, in which patients report that they are energetic, extroverted and assertive Hirschfeld, The hypomania state has led observers to feel that bipolar patients are "addicted" to their mania. Hypomania progresses into mania and the transition is marked by loss of judgment Hirschfeld, Often, euphoric grandiose characteristics are displayed, and paranoid or irritable characteristics begin to manifest.

The third stage of mania is evident when the patient experiences delusions with often paranoid themes. Speech is generally rapid and hyperactive behavior manifests sometimes associated with violence Hirschfeld, When both manic and depressive symptoms occur at the same time it is called a mixed episode.Bipolar disorder involves episodes of mania and depression.

These episodes may alternate with profound epressions characterized by a pervasive sadness, almost inability to move, hopelessness, and disturbances in appetite, sleep, in concentrations and driving. May 27,  · Diagnosis and Treatment of Bipolar Disorders in Adults: A Review of the Evidence on Pharmacologic Treatments Michael W.

Jann, PharmD Michael W. Jann, Professor and Chair, Department of Pharmacotherapy, University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy, University of North Texas Health Sciences Center, Fort Worth, TX.

Bipolar Disorder Research Paper. Bipolar Disorder Research Paper The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out daily tasks.

Symptoms of .

A research on the phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder

The phenomenon of Bipolar Affective Disorder has been a mystery since the 16th and 17th century. The Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh was thought to of suffered from bipolar disorder.

It appears that there are an abundance of people with the disorder yet, no true causes or cures for the disorder. Clearly the Bipolar disorder severely undermines. The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century.

History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone.

Bipolar Disorder - National Library of Medicine - PubMed Health